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JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis
January 15, 2019

Management of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Author Affiliations
  • 1Veterans Administration, Palo Alto HCS, Stanford University School of Medicine, Palo Alto, California
  • 2University of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois
JAMA. 2019;321(2):200-201. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.19290

Individuals who have been personally or indirectly exposed to actual or threatened death, serious injury, or sexual violence have a wide range of psychological responses, from transient, nondebilitating reactions to symptoms that meet the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (Fifth Edition) criteria for acute stress disorder or PTSD. Between 6% and 7% of adults in the US general population are estimated to experience PTSD during their lifetime. The prevalence is higher in women than in men. In 2016, 10.6% of veterans receiving care in the Veterans Health Administration had a diagnosis of PTSD. Among veterans who served in Iraq and/or Afghanistan, 26.7% of those seeking care in the Veterans Health Administration receive a PTSD diagnosis.1