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January 13, 1945

MEDICINE AND THE WAR

JAMA. 1945;127(2):94-97. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860020038014

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Abstract

ARMY 

THE CONTROL OF DENGUE ON SAIPAN  Shortly after the invasion of Saipan an epidemic of dengue fever occurred among the troops employed in the operation. The rapid increase in the incidence of the disease necessitated prompt control measures. The island commander, on recommendation of the surgeon, designated each unit commander as responsible for the elimination of mosquito breeding within his assigned area and its immediate vicinity. Under the direct supervision of the surgeon a sanitary company undertook mosquito survey and control work in the more thickly populated areas.The portions of the island inhabited by our military forces were mapped and segmented as to areas of importance. Tremendous quantities of débris were removed and vast areas were cleared. Water pools were oiled, water containers were emptied or otherwise protected from mosquito breeding and tree holes were filled with dirt. All measures for mosquito protection were enforced to the

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