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News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
April 23/30, 2019

Traumatic Brain Injuries Among Youth

JAMA. 2019;321(16):1559. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.3877

Youth sports remain the leading cause of traumatic brain injuries among children and teens, according to a new CDC report. The report found football, bicycling, basketball, playground activities, and soccer were associated with the most head injuries.

Using 2010 through 2016 data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System–All Injury Program, CDC investigators found that on average 263 000 children younger than 18 years visited emergency departments (EDs) for traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) related to sports or recreation each year. Contact sports accounted for 45% of these ED visits. Football injuries were associated with more TBI-related ED visits among males than any other sport with 52 088 visits, while soccer (11 670) and playground injuries (11 255) accounted for the majority of these visits among females. Across all years, the rates of TBI-related ED visits were highest among males and 15- to 17-year-olds.