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March 17, 1945

The Safe Installation and Use of Abrasive Wheels

JAMA. 1945;127(11):682. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860110062030

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Grinders are exposed principally to injury arising from breakage of revolving abrasive wheels. Most commonly reported accidents are foreign bodies in the eye, burns and abrasions, or injury arising from contact with unprotected parts of the machine. This booklet, intended primarily for safety engineers, will, however, be a useful source of reference to physicians who encounter accidents of this type or who are called on to recommend improved health or safety measures. Complete data are presented about storage, proper wheels for particular work, speed of operation and stresses involved therein, mounting of the wheel and the precautions which workers must observe. Guarding receives exceptionally thorough treatment. Goggles or face screens need to be worn or transparent screens should be installed on the machine itself to protect the operator against sparks or dust. Local exhaust ventilation is regarded as the most reliable method of removing excessive concentrations of dust.

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