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April 21, 1945

MEDICINE AND THE WAR

JAMA. 1945;127(16):1059-1061. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860160035012

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Abstract

ARMY 

365,437 PRISONERS OF WAR IN THE UNITED STATES  The War Department recently announced that there were 365,437 prisoners of war held within the continental limits of the United States as of April 1: 311,630 German, 50,549 Italian and 3,258 Japanese. The prisoners are being held at 141 base camps and approximately 319 branch camps located in all sections of the United States. The branch camps are designed to place prisoners near current work projects. About 35,000 of the Italian prisoners of war were members of Italian service units directly engaged in war work. They contributed almost a million man days of work to the war effort during the month of March. Of the remaining war prisoners, an average of more than 43,000 were working on contract labor and more than 150,000 were working at Army, Navy and Air Corps posts, camps and stations. Additional prisoners were assigned to

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