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April 21, 1945

The Influence of Parental Attitudes and Social Environment on the Personality Development of the Adolescent Blind

JAMA. 1945;127(16):1085. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860160061025

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This interesting book was presented in order to study the factors conditioning the behavior and personality of the adolescent blind. The blind children studied, 143 in all, were carefully selected so as to include only those totally or practically blind, those either born blind or who became blind before the age of 6, of normal or superior intelligence, with 1 or more seeing siblings, and 14 to 21 years of age. They were given the California Personality Test, and special questionnaires were answered by them and their parents. In addition, complete case studies were done on 50 of these children and their families. Results were evaluated numerically by several different "judges" and were analyzed statistically. The personality test showed that blind adolescents as a group fall below the norms of the seeing with respect to personal and social adjustment. However, it was felt that the adjustments of the blind could

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