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May 19, 1945


JAMA. 1945;128(3):225. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860200065026

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To the Editor:—  The paper of Blakemore and his collaborators in The Journal, March 24, continues the misstatement of their former publication (Ann. Surg.117:481 [April] 1943) crediting the introduction and demonstration of the refrigeration principle to Brooks and Duncan. The following facts should scarcely be overlooked: (a) The prior work of F. M. Allen was acknowledged in the very paper of Brooks and Duncan which Blakemore et al. cite, and Allen's experiments were much greater in number and scope and are well known as the origin of current interest in this method. (b) The Brooks and Duncan experiments have subsequently been interpreted (Brooks, discussion, Ann. Surg.115:626 [April] 1942. Large and Heinbecker, ibid 120:707 [Nov.] 1944) as adverse to the preservation of tissue demonstrated by Allen and with emphasis on alleged destructive effects of cold, thus making the position of Blakemore et al. all the more unreasonable.

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