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May 26, 1945


JAMA. 1945;128(4):289-290. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860210045013

Staphylococcus aureus can be isolated from the nasal cavity and skin of healthy human subjects with amazing frequency. Miles and his associates1 have demonstrated that the nasal carrier rate for Staphylococcus aureus among people of the working class of Birmingham who come to the hospital for the first time fluctuated between 19 and 65 per cent during the period October 1942 to July 1943. The mean rate, 47.4 per cent, agrees with carrier rates that have in the past been determined mainly in hospital patients and personnel. The people studied in Birmingham consisted of three groups: (1) outpatients attending the hospital for the first time with newly inflicted wounds, (2) male inpatients in a ward with established wound sepsis and (3) the nursing staff of the same ward. The 479 outpatients had a gross nasal carrier rate of 47.4 per cent and a wrist carrier rate of 18.4 per