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This is a complete statistical report of the Bureau for Contraceptive Advice in Baltimore, which operated for a period of five years, encompassing more than 1,000 cases. The bureau was sponsored by the late J. Whitridge Williams. There were 1,152 white (81.1 per cent) and Negro (18.9 per cent) patients referred by physicians for medical indications, and 1,069 were given contraceptive advice. Over 60 per cent were rated of, low and less than 4 per cent of high intelligence. About 88 per cent of white and 20 per cent of Negro women had used some sort of contraception before applying to the bureau, and only 15.11 per cent had any success. More than 1,000 abortions were admitted by the group before registering, of which 37 per cent were criminally or self induced. The method of contraception adopted by the clinic was the combined use of a vaginal occlusive diaphragm and
Contraception as a Therapeutic Measure. JAMA. 1936;107(24):1995–1996. doi:10.1001/jama.1936.02770500061030
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