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June 16, 1945


JAMA. 1945;128(7):512-513. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.92860240001010

More than a year ago Coggeshall1 pointed out the possibilities of the spread of malaria in wartime to civilians. As far as I can determine, the periodical literature for the past two years has contained very few references to the occurrence of malaria cases in new areas or an increase in prevalence of malaria in endemic areas since the war. Jeffries2 reported 1 case of estivoautumnal malaria occurring in a merchant seaman who returned to Oregon. However, there had been no report of any secondary cases arising. My purpose in the present discussion is to report 2 cases of tertian malaria and the evidence from which I conclude that a returned soldier was the source:

Case 1  —R. C., a white girl aged 12 years, a student, was seen in the office on Aug. 5, 1944 complaining of chills and fever of one week's duration. Since the child