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A surgical generation ago a book on operative surgery was the chief preceptor of the physician who desired to expand his activities into operative therapy. This demand for didactic instruction in technical procedures was filled by many books dealing with this subject, some of which presented the surgical technic of the time in a manner complete and historically correct but without selective guidance. Since then surgery has become more specialized, based as it is on new developments, but it has also become more critical of operative procedures, as the result of the study of end results and of the application of basic medical sciences to diseases treated by operative measures. The interest of surgeons has been directed to the more general aspects of preparing patients for operation and to treating and preventing complications of the operation. This expansion of surgical interest has been of major importance to the betterment of
Operations of General Surgery. JAMA. 1945;128(7):550. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860240076030
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