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June 23, 1945

MEDICINE AND THE WAR

JAMA. 1945;128(8):597-599. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860250043014

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Abstract

ARMY 

GERMANY'S TECHNIC IN SURGERY LAGGING  Germany, once the world's acknowledged leader in surgery and medicine, is twenty years behind American methods in the handling and healing of war wounded, according to Col. Edward D. Churchill, Allied Mediterranean forces' surgical consultant, who recently inspected the wounded in former German hospitals. A German army colonel indicated that he regarded the outcome of wounds in this war to be identical with conditions he observed in the first world war. American recoveries, on the other hand, improved phenomenally, such as field operating tents up at divisional clearing stations, the highly developed use of blood transfusions and the high standard of antisepsis in the field.In the six German hospital areas inspected by Colonel Churchill he found that of forty serious chest wounds picked at random thirty-seven showed infection, while the American patients' average was well below 10 per cent. For blood transfusions

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