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June 30, 1945

REHABILITATION AND REEMPLOYMENT

JAMA. 1945;128(9):666. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860260040014

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Abstract

As the rehabilitation program unfolds, medicine must assume responsibility for competent treatment and reconditioning, followed by placement in occupations based on a medical evaluation of residual ability rather than disability. From the latter concept selective placement has emerged. Selective placement demands the matching of the physical, mental and emotional capacity of an individual, his intelligence, talents, skills, experiences, desires and motivations with the technologic and physical demands of a given job.

Placement has long been practiced by private industry. Reported observations of success or failure have been relatively few. The Council on Industrial Health will shortly sponsor jointly with the Veterans Employment Service and the Occupational Analysis Division of the War Manpower Commission a controlled experiment in selective placement. The essential elements will be an adequate psychosomatic evaluation of a worker by a qualified examining physician, a job description by an occupational analyst, suitable attention to environmental hygiene and sanitation,

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