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July 7, 1945

ACUTE ANTERIOR POLIOMYELITIS: FINAL REPORT ON SEVENTY CASES TREATED IN 1943

JAMA. 1945;128(10):722-723. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860270024007
Abstract

In May of 1944 a preliminary report was made on the status of 70 patients six months after they had had acute anterior poliomyelitis during the Chicago epidemic of 1943.1 These patients had had only general supportive therapy during the acute phase of the disease. The survey revealed that 10 per cent had enough residual weakness to require braces or future surgery, 72.8 per cent had no residual weakness or such slight weakness that it was barely detectable, and 8.6 per cent had functionally significant weakness which did not require further therapy and which did not constitute a handicap to a normal life. There were 8.6 per cent deaths.

The 64 survivors of this group have been followed carefully at short intervals, and it is now possible to present a report of their condition eighteen months after the acute disease.

. No one of the 13 nonparalytic patients has developed

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