During the legislative sessions of 1945, more than thirty measures proposing cash sickness benefit plans or compulsory health insurance systems were introduced in twelve state legislatures. Other bills called for studies of health insurance. In Congress a number of bills were introduced providing for some sort of medical care or sickness benefits. No other year has seen such a demand for compulsory health insurance.
Compulsory health insurance, briefly, is a system by which medical and hospital care would be available to all who desire it, the cost being paid by employers, employees and, possibly, government. Compulsion would stem from the fact that everybody would be required to pay taxes regardless of whether or not he sought medical care. Cash sickness benefits refers to a system by which those covered would be entitled to weekly benefit payments in case of illness. The purpose is to make up partly for loss in
Strow CW, Hirschfeld G. HEALTH INSURANCE: AN INQUIRY INTO SOME OF THE FACTORS AND FORCES UNDERLYING THE DEMAND FOR A COMPULSORY SYSTEM. JAMA. 1945;128(12):870–878. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.92860290003008
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