Treating the approximately 9 million US adolescents with obesity1 is challenging because of the complex nature of this chronic disease. Adolescence is a critical period for managing obesity, owing to the dynamic physiological and psychological changes inherent to this period of growth and development. To identify and diagnose obesity, body mass index (BMI) for age and sex percentile should be assessed and tracked (Table)2 and assessments for obesity causes, contributors, and complications should include a comprehensive weight, medical, surgical, social, and family history; medication review; physical examination; and laboratory tests.3,4
Cardel MI, Jastreboff AM, Kelly AS. Treatment of Adolescent Obesity in 2020. JAMA. 2019;322(17):1707–1708. doi:https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.14725
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