[Skip to Navigation]
October 15, 2019

Improving Value in Health Care Through Comprehensive Supply Optimization

Author Affiliations
  • 1Division of Healthcare Delivery Science, Department of Population Health, NYU School of Medicine, New York, New York
  • 2NYU Robert F. Wagner Graduate School of Public Service, New York, New York
  • 3Center for Healthcare Innovation and Delivery Science, NYU Langone Health, New York, New York
JAMA. 2019;322(15):1451-1452. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.15478

The United States spends nearly twice as much on health care as other high-income countries, yet it achieves some important outcomes that are worse. Historically, high health care spending in the United States was considered to be attributable to disproportionately high utilization. Recent cross-national comparisons, however, show that health care utilization per capita is not appreciably higher than in other high-income countries. Rather, a disproportionately high price per service accounts for the majority of cost differences. Recent efforts to reduce health care costs have focused on avoiding unnecessary or excess care; however, overtreatment accounts for only about 6% of health care costs. Instead, a potentially more effective means of cost reduction may be to focus on reducing the cost of providing all care—making appropriate, necessary care more efficient through supply optimization.