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August 11, 1945

TRANSIENT HYPERTENSION: THE RELATIVE PROGNOSTIC IMPORTANCE OF VARIOUS SYSTOLIC AND DIASTOLIC LEVELS

JAMA. 1945;128(15):1059-1061. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860320001001
Abstract

In the preceding paper in this series,1 based on an analysis of the medical records of 22,741 officers of the United States Army, the significance of transient hypertension was considered in terms of the subsequent state of health and the cause of death. A comparison was made between those who exhibited temporary elevations of blood pressure and those with normal levels throughout the periods of observation. The group with transient hypertension showed a greater incidence of later sustained hypertension and higher rates for disability retirement and death with cardiovascularrenal diseases.2 It is thus apparent that, in many persons, a temporary rise in blood pressure, even though this occurs under emotional stress, must be regarded as of consequence; it is often an early sign of disorder in the circulatory system.

In the study just mentioned, the group with transient hypertension was dealt with as a whole; there was no

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