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August 18, 1945


JAMA. 1945;128(16):1187. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860330055026

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To the Editor:—  Dr. Scannell's communication in The Journal, June 23, attempts to correct what he considers to be an error and brings to light a skeleton which most of us thought had been securely and permanently locked away in a closet.The term "whole blood" has been most frequently applied to blood obtained from so-called live donors and administered by the direct method of transfusion. Others have applied the term to citrated or preserved blood. As has been pointed out repeatedly, both views are incorrect. Strictly speaking, whole blood must be a substance from which none of its component parts have been removed—cells, serum and/or plasma. Any of these components may be used separately according to indication, and they make up what might be referred to as whole blood but should simply be designated as "blood." When blood is mixed with an anticoagulant or preservative it might be called,

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