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August 18, 1945

A Study of Certified Sickness Absence Among Women in Industry

JAMA. 1945;128(16):1193. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860330061032

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Abstract

This investigation substantiates in large measure American experience in the employment of women. Twenty thousand women were observed. Respiratory, digestive and functional nervous disorders were most serious offenders. Gynecologic disorders are relatively unimportant as reflected in average days of sickness per worker, but in average length of individual absence they rank first in the married group and second in the single. Seven and eight tenths per cent of the total work days were lost. Married women lost 17.4 days, single women 10.6. Conditions of work had recognizable effect on sick absence. The importance of good medical and attendance records in industry is stressed. Although these studies were carefully controlled and based on certified absences of two days or more, there are many factors which affect lost time not directly assignable to health but which nevertheless are reflected in the statistics.

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