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Global Health
November 19, 2019

Rwanda Celebrates Progress Toward HIV Control

JAMA. 2019;322(19):1853. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18548

Some 76% of HIV-positive adults in Rwanda have achieved viral load suppression—an undetectable level of virus in the blood—according to data from the Rwanda Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (RPHIA).

The RPHIA surveyed more than 30 000 Rwandan adults aged 15 to 64 years and 9000 adolescents aged 10 to 14 years in 11 000 households between October 2018 and March 2019. Survey staff provided in-home HIV testing and counseling, informed participants of their results, and helped those with HIV infection find care. The Rwandan government, the US President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and ICAP at Columbia University, which works to improve HIV care worldwide, collaborated on the survey.