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September 15, 1945

A STUDY OF DIARRHEA OCCURRING AT ARMY AIR FORCE HEADQUARTERS, CALCUTTA, INDIA

JAMA. 1945;129(3):194-196. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860370016004
Abstract

Outbreaks of diarrhea are not uncommon in army camps in the United States. They are usually of short duration and easily controlled. In India, throughout the entire year cases of diarrhea are seen in all army installations. During the monsoon season they tend to increase in number, become far more severe, are of longer duration and often show a much higher incidence of dysentery. Whereas in the United States outbreaks of diarrhea are ordinarily treated by routine army methods, it cannot be overemphasized that in India and other areas of the Far East every case of diarrhea must not only be looked on with grave suspicion but examined individually with the most minute care. In India, diarrhea occurring during the monsoon season, which in this locality (southern Bengal) lasts approximately from June 20 to September 20, is often referred to as "monsoon" diarrhea; a poor term, since it only tends

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