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Global Health
February 18, 2020

Poor Infection Control Led to Child HIV Outbreak in Pakistan

JAMA. 2020;323(7):599. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0831

Poor infection control practices led to an unprecedented HIV outbreak among hundreds of children in Pakistan, according to a recent study.

The outbreak in Pakistan’s Sindh province was detected in April 2019. A government task force’s investigation discovered that private and public health facilities reused needles and transfused blood products that weren’t screened for infection. In the aftermath, 3 blood banks and 300 clinics were closed. A free HIV screening and counseling camp also was established at Tehsil Hospital in the town of Ratodero. The study authors analyzed data from more than 31 000 people who were tested there.