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October 20, 1945

MEDICINE AND THE WAR

JAMA. 1945;129(8):555-557. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860420023014

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Abstract

ARMY 

SPECIAL COMMITTEE TO ETO REPORTS ON COMBAT FATIGUE  A recent announcement by the War Department indicates that approximately 90 per cent of the men overcome by combat exhaustion in the European Theater of Operations prior to the collapse of Germany returned to duty as a result of prompt and skilled handling. This announcement was based on a report made by a commission of civilian psychiatrists appointed by the Office of Scientific Research and Development at the suggestion of the Surgeon General of the Army.In summarizing the observations of the committee, it was stated that army psychiatrists had displayed great courage and ingenuity and had made some notable accomplishments. High quality of personnel, better methods and technics and the fact that psychiatrists are getting to their patients more rapidly are some of the reasons why combat fatigue was treated more successfully in his war than shell

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