The collaboration between neurology and psychiatry, 2 medical specialties that share the same organ, has wavered throughout history. Hippocrates viewed mental disorders as arising from the brain. However, focus during the Middle Ages and later cartesian mind-body dualism separated most disorders of the mind from the province of medicine. The fields converged in the 19th century with the advent of natural sciences and the emergence of neuropathology. Broca, Wernicke, Charcot, Alzheimer, Kraepelin, and Freud were all pioneering physicians who practiced both fields.
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Keshavan MS, Price BH, Martin JB. The Convergence of Neurology and Psychiatry: The Importance of Cross-Disciplinary Education. JAMA. 2020;324(6):554–555. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.0062
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