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November 10, 1945


JAMA. 1945;129(11):723-728. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860450009003

An American dentist, Guilford,1 first reported a case of congenital ectodermal dysplasia of the anhidrotic type. The man, aged 48, was edentulous and had almost complete absence of taste and complete anosmia. He was hypotrichotic and never perspired. At almost the same time Atkinson2 presented before the Philadelphia Medical Society a man aged 40 who had never had teeth or any distinct growth of hair on the scalp except the downy hairs which are seen in early infancy. He was also destitute of the sense of smell and almost of that of taste. His skin appeared to be unprovided with sweat glands, as he never perspired, and when working actively he was obliged to wet his clothes in order to moderate the body heat. He could sleep in these wet clothes in a damp cellar without catching cold. His jaws presented the appearance seen in persons who have

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