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JAMA Insights
Clinical Update
April 24, 2020

Diagnosis and Treatment of Opioid Use Disorder in 2020

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston
  • 2Department of Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts
JAMA. 2020;323(20):2082-2083. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.4104

In 2017, there were 47 506 opioid-related deaths in the United States.1 Infectious complications from injecting opioids, such as hepatitis C, HIV, and endocarditis, result in additional morbidity and mortality. Understanding optimal approaches to screening for, diagnosing, and managing opioid use disorder (OUD), a chronic medical illness defined by an inability to control opioid use despite consequences, is necessary to address this condition.2