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A widely publicized press release and subsequent preliminary report of the RECOVERY trial, a randomized study conducted in the UK, noted a survival benefit with the use of dexamethasone in hospitalized patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).1 The use of dexamethasone for management of COVID-19 has already increased, particularly given the recent National Institutes of Health COVID-19 Treatment Panel guidelines that recommend its use.2
Although clinicians are familiar with the most common adverse effects associated with dexamethasone, a corticosteroid, they may be less familiar with a potentially severe, but preventable, less common complication: Strongyloides hyperinfection or dissemination syndrome (hyperinfection).3
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Stauffer WM, Alpern JD, Walker PF. COVID-19 and Dexamethasone: A Potential Strategy to Avoid Steroid-Related Strongyloides Hyperinfection. JAMA. Published online July 30, 2020. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.13170
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