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December 22, 1945

Current Comment

JAMA. 1945;129(17):1170. doi:10.1001/jama.1945.02860510036015

BENJAMIN RUSH, M.D. (1745-1813)  The two hundredth anniversary of the birth of Benjamin Rush1 occurs Dec. 24, 1945. He was a signer of the Declaration of Independence, a public spirited citizen and a distinguished physician. Benjamin Rush was appointed the first professor of chemistry (1768) at the first medical school (of the University of Pennyslvania) in the English Colonies on the American continent at the early age of 23. At the University of Pennsylvania he became associated on the faculty with John Morgan2 (1735-1789), the first professor of medicine (1765) in the first medical school in our country, William Shippen Jr.2 (1736-1808), Adam Kuhn, professor of materia medica and botany, and Thomas Bond (1712-1784), founder with Benjamin Franklin and physician of the Pennsylvania Hospital (1751), professor of clinical medicine, the first professor with this title in America. Benjamin Rush, the "American Sydenham" (Lettsom) was, according to Welch,