Since patients whose pulmonary tuberculosis is complicated by tuberculous tracheobronchitis have a relatively grave prognosis, the clinical recognition of this complication should be of concern to all phthisiotherapists. In this communication the term "tuberculous tracheobronchitis" denotes a specific infection of the mucosa or submucosa of the trachea and bronchi and is to be distinguished from "tracheobronchial tuberculosis," which signifies clinical tuberculosis of the tracheobronchial lymph nodes.
The pathology of tuberculous tracheobronchitis was accurately described by Carswell1 and by Louis2 nearly a hundred years ago, but contributions to the clinical literature have been few and relatively recent. These have dealt chiefly with patients presenting obstructive respiratory symptoms of varying severity (Schonwald,3 Andrews,4 Vinson and Habein,5 Ballon,6 and others). No textbook on pulmonary tuberculosis has emphasized the frequency or importance of this complication, although Eloesser7 called attention to the stenotic forms in 1930 and 1934.
SAMSON PC, BARNWELL J, LITTIG J, BUGHER JC. TUBERCULOUS TRACHEOBRONCHITIS. JAMA. 1937;108(22):1850–1855. doi:10.1001/jama.1937.02780220008002
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