Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major public health problem, and it provides an important example of health disparities in the US. Black individuals are 2 to 4 times more likely than others to progress to kidney failure and are less likely to receive optimal therapies, including kidney transplants. Reasons that contribute to these disparities include a variety of factors that are a direct result of structural racism, including poor access to health care, low educational attainment, and poverty.1-3
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Norris KC, Eneanya ND, Boulware LE. Removal of Race From Estimates of Kidney Function: First, Do No Harm. JAMA. 2021;325(2):135–137. doi:10.1001/jama.2020.23373
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