In contradistinction to venous embolism, arterial embolism is relatively rare. For this reason and because of other unusual features, a report is made of a case of tuberculosis treated by incomplete thoracoplasty and repeated pneumothoraces, the last terminating fatally. Postmortem examination revealed generalized arterial air embolism.
REPORT OF CASE
—A white man, aged 24, in the summer of 1932 submitted to repeated pneumothoraces for active left apical tuberculosis. Since little improvement was shown, a first stage thoracoplasty was performed in November 1933. Recovery was retarded and painful, and the patient refused to undergo the second stage of the operation. Pneumothoraces were then continued; the disease appeared to be arrested and weight and strength returned. The man was itinerant, and roentgenograms and fluoroscopic checks were not made for the injections of air given whenever they were requested by the patient. The size of the cavity appeared to have decreased gradually
Hall WEB. LEFT HEART ARTERIAL AIR EMBOLISMREPORT OF A CASE FOLLOWING PNEUMOTHORAX. JAMA. 1937;109(2):125–127. doi:10.1001/jama.1937.92780280001009
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