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July 17, 1937

Alkoholnachweis bei Verkehrsunfällen

JAMA. 1937;109(3):231-232. doi:10.1001/jama.1937.02780290053030

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The value of the determination of alcohol in the blood in persons involved in automobile accidents is presented here in the light of the experience of the Prussian police department in about 3,600 instances analyzed with the micromethod of Widmark. The author gives a brief discussion of the general problem of traffic accidents, classifying the half million accidents reported according to the vehicle involved, the age and sex of persons killed and injured, and the apparent cause of the accident. The increasing fatality rate from traffic accidents is pointed out, and the importance of alcohol in contributing to this figure is emphasized, 8,679 drivers having been found to be under the influence of alcohol.

The clinical effects of alcohol on the central nervous system, the psyche, the reaction time, motor and sensory activity, pulse rate, pupillary reactions, ataxia, appearance, conduct, orientation and ease of performance and the difficulties in clinical

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