Failure to rescue (FTR) is a patient safety phenomenon of medical or surgical mortality following a major complication, and it generally represents a delay in recognizing or responding to in-hospital complications. Originally a surgical quality measure, FTR is not specific to a particular pathology or disease state; therefore, use as a quality metric across specialties can represent hospital performance rather than patient illness severity. Rapid response teams (RRTs) are a proposed patient safety practice to address FTR and are endorsed by the Institute for Healthcare Improvement and the Joint Commission.1 These clinical care teams (often multidisciplinary) rapidly assess a patient after an identified critical change in clinical status and determine if a change in care setting (eg, transfer to an ICU) or treatment plan (eg, endotracheal intubation) is necessary.
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Fischer CP, Bilimoria KY, Ghaferi AA. Rapid Response Teams as a Patient Safety Practice for Failure to Rescue. JAMA. 2021;326(2):179–180. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.7510
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