The Latino population is the largest racial and ethnic minority group in the US. With approximately 60.6 million people, it comprises a bit more than 18% of the US population, a percentage expected to increase to more than 26% by 2050.1 This population, which was first collectively called Hispanics as a government term introduced in the 1970s, is referred to herein as Latino to convey unity more closely with a shared history of European colonization and a common struggle for national independence. Latino, which is used interchangeably with Hispanic and the more gender-neutral term Latinx, refers to the dynamic multicultural presence of people in the US who can trace their origin to or descent from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Central America, and South America and to other Spanish-speaking countries around the world.
Ramirez AG, Lepe R, Cigarroa F. Uplifting the Latino Population From Obscurity to the Forefront of Health Care, Public Health Intervention, and Societal Presence. JAMA. 2021;326(7):597–598. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.11997
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