Pregnancy is a window to future health, and the pregnancy and postpartum periods are critical times to ensure effective and sustainable transitions to long-term preventive health care. Adverse pregnancy outcomes (APOs), including gestational diabetes, preterm birth, fetal growth restriction, and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy (gestational hypertension, preeclampsia, and related disorders) are major health risks for pregnant individuals during pregnancy and throughout their lifespan.1,2 It is estimated that up to 20% of pregnancies in the US are affected by 1 or more APOs, with the highest prevalence among individuals who identify as American Indian, Asian, Black, Hispanic, or Pacific Islander.3 This contributes to widening racial and ethnic disparities in perinatal and chronic disease outcomes.1
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Yee LM, Miller EC, Greenland P. Mitigating the Long-term Health Risks of Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes. JAMA. 2022;327(5):421–422. doi:10.1001/jama.2021.23870
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