Until 1926, when Hueper1 reported eleven cases of this rare lesion of the urinary bladder, cystitis emphysematosa received little recognition. With the twelve cases recently reported by Mills2 within a comparatively short period of time, a total of twenty-four cases of this disease had been reported to date. Judging from these reports, it would seem that the lesion is not as rare as had been previously supposed, and, as urologists become more conscious of the existence of such a disease entity, other cases will find their way into the literature.
With the possible exception of Lautenschläger's3 case, all reports thus far have been of accidental observations at autopsy. Lautenschläger's patient, a man, aged 34, was admitted to the Heidelberg Clinic, presenting uremia. Two years before, he had manifested nephritic symptoms and a year prior to admission had suffered from intermittent pains in the left loin. On one
RAVICH A, KATZEN P. CYSTITIS EMPHYSEMATOSA: REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE WITH REPORT OF AN AUTHENTIC CASE TERMINATING IN RECOVERY. JAMA. 1932;98(15):1256–1259. doi:10.1001/jama.1932.02730410020006
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