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November 20, 1937


JAMA. 1937;109(21):1726-1727. doi:10.1001/jama.1937.02780470048015

In an editorial1 entitled "Headed for the Last Census?" published last week it was pointed out that, if the fertility in most countries continues to show the same rate of decrease now evident, a definite loss of population will occur in from approximately five to fifty years. Even though it is not at all certain that this tendency will continue, the possibility must be apprehended. As far as it affects the health and socio-economic life of the country at that time, it should be seriously considered. The Proceedings of the World Population Conference in 19272 and the publications of the Scripps Foundation have already done much to indicate the lines along which further studies should be made.

Burch,3 in the second of two articles on the subject, has reiterated one factor which, if it continues, should be of grave importance in connection with the whole problem. With