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Research Letter
August 16, 2022

Minor Consent Laws for Sexually Transmitted Infection and HIV Services

Author Affiliations
  • 1Department of Community Health Sciences, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 2Department of Health Law, Policy, & Management, Boston University School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts
  • 3Cornell Law School, Ithaca, New York
JAMA. 2022;328(7):674-676. doi:10.1001/jama.2022.10777

Adolescents in the US have reported that a significant barrier to seeking sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV services is concern that a guardian will find out.1 To address this barrier, states have enacted statutes granting minors legal capacity to consent to STI/HIV services without their guardians’ involvement. Although reviews of STI/HIV minor consent laws exist,2-4 many are dated, have unclear methodology, provide conflicting information, or lack details needed to serve adolescents, researchers, and clinicians. We examined current minor consent laws for STI/HIV services and related confidentiality protections in all 50 states and the District of Columbia.

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