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May 7, 1932


JAMA. 1932;98(19):1670. doi:10.1001/jama.1932.02730450064025

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Celebration of Fiftieth Anniversary of Discovery of Tubercle Bacillus  The Academy of Medicine commemorated recently the fiftieth anniversary of the discovery of the tubercle bacillus by Robert Koch, in 1882. Professor Calmette delivered an address in which he exalted the memory of the German bacteriologist, who was for so long an opponent of Pasteur. Koch's discovery was preceded by that of Villamin, who demonstrated that tuberculosis is inoculable and contagious, and that consequently it must have as a causative agent a specific micro-organism, which had not yet been found. Calmette, continuing his eulogy of Koch, referred also to his discovery, in 1883, at Alexandria, of the cholera bacillus. Likewise a delegation of the Institut Pasteur had gone to Alexandria but had been unable to discover the micro-organism, although it lost one of its members (Thuillier) as a victim of cholera. He spoke of the discovery by Koch of tuberculin, and

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