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March 12, 1938


JAMA. 1938;110(11):817-818. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790110043013

Since the time when the birth of one of Cleopatra's children was recorded in illustration on the wall of an Egyptian temple, medical art has aided an understanding of biologic and disease processes. The notebooks of Leonardo da Vinci indicate that, although an artist, he had as great a knowledge of anatomy as any other man of his time. The history of anatomic illustration shows a steady progress in the field since the middle ages. Indeed, it is sad to contemplate the day when' the machine age, through its development of color photography, interior lighting of the human body and other similar methods, may relegate into obsolescence the personal craftsmanship of the biologic artist.

In 1894 Max Brödel came to Baltimore, after working on the anatomic illustrations of Spalteholz, His and Braune. The years from 1894 to 1910 saw him engaged chiefly in preparing illustrations for the works of Howard