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Article
May 28, 1932

The Experimental Study of Reading.

JAMA. 1932;98(22):1937. doi:10.1001/jama.1932.02730480087037

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Abstract

Human beings vary greatly in their ability to read. Some read rapidly and absorb what they read; others read slowly and get little from their reading. This volume gives a concise account of the author's own experiments, particularly from the point of view of the action of the ocular tissues in the reading process. He discusses the movements of the eye and particularly the employment of such movements in reading, following this with a special study of the reading of children and finally of the relationship of typography to reading. In mature adult reading, regular and rhythmic backward and forward movements develop, later alternating with fixation pauses. These movements are habitual. The movements are interfered with by any species of mental struggle or conflict. Thus the ability to read rapidly may be learned and it is important to stress familiarity, interest and associated fact for competent reading.

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