Thrombosis of veins is common in the pelvic region and in the lower extremities. It may follow abdominal operations or develop during the puerperium. Thrombus formation in the veins of the upper extremities, secondary to such conditions, is not common, and thrombosis of the axillary vein caused by effort is comparatively rare.
As a clinical entity the condition was first described by Von Schrötter in 1884. Cadenat1 in 1920 reviewed twenty-four cases from the literature. Paggi2 in 1933 collected reports of seventy-four cases from medical writings. Matas3 in 1934 reported one case and reviewed the literature of approximately 100 cases. Since then about twenty additional cases have been described by various observers, but great numbers have not been observed by any one person.
A review of the cases by the various authors showed that the patients were young, in good health and engaged in work. Although males
KAPLAN T. THROMBOSIS OF THE AXILLARY VEIN: REPORT OF FIVE CASES WITH COMMENTS ON ETIOLOGY, PATHOLOGY AND DIAGNOSIS. JAMA. 1938;110(25):2059–2064. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790250019006
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