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July 9, 1938

PREVENTION OF GONORRHEAL OPHTHALMIA IN THE NEWBORN

Author Affiliations

Cleveland Director of Obstetrics, St. Luke's Hospital

From St. Luke's Hospital.

JAMA. 1938;111(2):143-144. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.72790280001007
Abstract

In 1935 Lehrfeld1 reported the results of a study of ophthalmia neonatorum in Philadelphia. He concluded that the incidence of this condition has not materially diminished in fifteen years and quoted Mayou as authority for the statement that in London there was only slight improvement in a similar period. In 27,873 newborn infants in six Philadelphia hospitals he found 632 cases of ophthalmia, in 28 per cent of which the condition was gonorrheal, an incidence of one case of gonorrheal ophthalmia to every 158 births.

In Cleveland in 1933 at four hospitals having 4,354 deliveries, gonorrheal ophthalmia developed in eighteen cases. In the same hospitals in 1935, with 4,637 births, there were thirteen cases. This represents a total of 8,991 births with thirty-one cases of gonorrheal ophthalmia, an incidence of one in 290.

In the present communication I present the experience at St. Luke's Hospital, the technic which my

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