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July 16, 1938


JAMA. 1938;111(3):255-256. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790290041014

Experienced physicians have occasionally encountered cases of infectious disease contracted from domestic servants. Attention was called specifically to this public health problem in the May issue of Hygeia.1 Although it is feasible for prospective employers to insist on medical examination, it seems questionable that this method will have sufficiently widespread adoption to be effective. In a paper read before the International Health Officers' Conference last year, Dr. M. J. Exner2 of the Health Department of Newark, N. J., described the experiences in that city with the obligatory medical examination of domestic employees in force since September 1930. By the ordinance passed at that time every domestic was required to file with the department of health a certificate from a duly licensed physician stating freedom from contagious and communicable disease. Until 1934 the examination consisted only of inspection of the skin, examination of the mouth, throat and eyes, swabs