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September 3, 1938

Milk and Nutrition: New Experiments Reported to the Milk Nutrition Committee. Part II: The Effects of Dietary Supplements of Pasteurised and Raw Milk on the Growth and Health of School Children (Interim Report)

JAMA. 1938;111(10):966. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790360074037

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Abstract

There are presented in this pamphlet the results of a study, conducted over a period of one school year, of the influence of milk on growth and health. The home diets of the children were not controlled. Four groups of 2,000 children each received supplements at school of, respectively, biscuits, onethird pint of pasteurized milk and two-thirds pint of either pasteurized or raw milk. It was found that the average child receiving milk grew slightly more in height and weight than the average child who did not receive supplements of milk at school. Children who received larger amounts of milk thrived somewhat better than those receiving smaller amounts. No significant difference was found with raw versus pasteurized milk. The differences between groups, however, are small, and the committee interprets this as evidence of improvements in the diets at home since Orr made his report in 1928.

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