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December 3, 1938


JAMA. 1938;111(23):2121-2122. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790490051016

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Many of the former pupils of Dr. Ellsworth Eliot Jr. will place their beloved mentor among the great and inspiring teachers of medicine. In a book called "Eliot's Quiz, 1889-1913," to which Dr. Eliot himself contributed an essay on extramural medical education, they have reflected medical teaching as it was in New York City fifty years ago. Attendance at medical clinics and lectures then was voluntary. Students could graduate at the end of three years without attending a single college exercise other than the final examination. Conferences and recitations were unknown. The student was a mere spectator at the clinics and only occasionally had opportunity at bedside clinics to listen to the physical signs of pulmonary and cardiac lesions. However, the competitive examinations for the highly prized hospital internships in New York hospitals were difficult. Recognizing the shortcomings of instruction methods in the medical colleges, some professors organized "quizzes," conducted

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