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December 17, 1938

Comparative Study of the Marmas

JAMA. 1938;111(25):2331. doi:10.1001/jama.1938.02790510079038

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Abstract

The word Marma is derived from the Sanskrit root "Mru," "Marane" and it applies to a place of vital importance in the body which, if injured, results in serious consequences or death sooner or later. Surgeons of ancient India laid down the rule that in a case of surgical operation the situation and the dimension of each local marma should first be studied well and the incision for operation made in such a way as to avoid even the edge of a marma. The knowledge of the marmas was made use of in ancient warfare and in hunting after wild animals by aiming at the marmas with the arrows. This science is also practiced in the art of wrestling in some parts of India and Japan. The author has extracted the relevant passages from Hindu Scriptures and translated them into English. He describes, in the light of modern anatomy, the

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