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January 28, 1939

THE STUDENT SECTION of the Journal of the American Medical Association: Devoted to the Educational Interests and Welfare of Medical Students, Interns and Residents in Hospitals

JAMA. 1939;112(4):375-386. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800040093048

Speech Defects in Relation to Physical Condition and Health  H. J. HELTMAN, A.B., and L. M. HICKERNELL, M.D. SYRACUSE, N. Y.For many years physicians as well as those who specialize in speech correction have been conscious of the somatic aspects of speech defects. Often physicians undertake to treat such disorders on the assumption that the establishment of normal health per se will result in the acquisition of normal speech. Conversely, there are speech correctionists who attack this problem with complete lack of understanding that there may be organic pathologic changes which cannot be corrected through the efforts of the speech therapist alone. Qualified practitioners in both fields, however, are aware that either or both of these factors may be the root of the trouble. Both physical and mental health are essential for proper speech; and in those who have speech defects reeducation of the speech processes after anatomic defects