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At the close of the war, Yugoslavia practically started from scratch in the creation of a medical profession, medical facilities, public health and general medical service. In some districts there was only about an acre of arable land per person, one cow for three persons and one sheep for two. It was thought that the income of the population was too low to maintain any system of individual private practice. Assistance was received from the Rockefeller endowments and the Milbank Memorial Fund. A system of health centers and "health cooperatives," which would seem to be local organizations to maintain clinics and centers, was established. It is claimed that this method has brought at least some sort of medical service to large sections of the population which could not have been reached otherwise.
Public Health in Jugoslavia. JAMA. 1939;112(6):575. doi:10.1001/jama.1939.02800060091037
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